Defendants are often confused about the differences between state and federal
court systems, and they may be unsure of whether they need a criminal
defense attorney who has experience handling federal cases. If you’re
facing federal charges, your
criminal defense lawyer can help you understand the key differences between state and federal
cases. Aside from these differences, you can expect a criminal case to
proceed in much the same way in federal court as it would in state court.
Types of Federal Courts
The U.S. has a state and federal court system thanks to the principle of
federalism, in which certain functions are the responsibility of the federal
government, while others belong to the state government. There are different
types of federal courts, such as the U.S. district courts. There are 94
federal judicial districts in the U.S., each of which has its own U.S.
district court. These courts hear
trials pertaining to federal charges. As with a state case, if a defendant loses a federal case, he or she
can have a criminal defense attorney appeal the decision. In addition
to the U.S. district courts, there are bankruptcy courts, military courts,
tax courts, a court of appeals, and the Supreme Court.
Establishment of Federal Courts
The Constitution established the Supreme Court. It further authorizes Congress
to establish any other court systems that may be needed. This means that
Congress established the U.S. district courts. Congress also created military
courts and the tax court, which are only authorized to hear certain types of cases.
Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
Federal courts are limited in the types of cases they can hear. A case
will enter a federal court if it involves violations of the Constitution,
one of the parties is the United States, the case is between citizens
who reside in different states, or the case involves violations of federal law.
Law Offices of Jeffrey C. Grass, our veteran legal team provides dedicated representation to clients facing
federal charges, including charges related to immigration, money laundering,
public corruption, white collar crime cases, and many more. As a former
naval officer, military lawyer, and prosecutor, Mr. Grass has a keen understanding
of effective legal strategies. If you need a federal criminal lawyer in
Dallas or Plano, contact us at (214) 613-1972 today.